executive function: a set of cognitive processes that help us self-regulate so we can effectively plan, prioritize, and sustain effort toward our (long term) goals.

The cognitive processes that make up executive function are:

  • Response Inhibition: helps us not be impulsive
  • Working Memory: remember info while we are working with it (e.g. not being a goldfish)
  • Set Shifting: switching between tasks with different cognitive demands
  • Delay Aversion: delaying immediate gratification to achieve long-term rewards

This has ramifications for motivation and makes ADHDers seem more immature to their neurotypical counterparts.